Lessons and exercises have been prescribed to enhance the students' ability to understand and use grammatically acceptable English, to understand the nuances of language and also appreciate literary language. Presentation skills are also an important objective of language training.
Reading skills
Students are trained to read given passages that aim to improve their comprehension skills, including literary competence.


As a part of remedial education, teaching of grammar has been designed to impart knowledge of grammatical correctness. Lessons relate to aspects of English grammar such as sentence structure and usage, the use of tenses, verb patterns, articles and active and passive constructions. Students are also trained in sentence completion and re-ordering, and dialogue completion.


Special emphasis is laid on developing vocabulary skills. Students are guided to understand the meanings of words in context and in isolation, grammatical categories of words as well as the usage of words.

Analytical and Quantitative Ability

Numbers, Algebra, Highest Common Factor (HCF) and Lowest Common Multiple (LCM), Calendar, Basic Statistics - Average, Ratio and proportion - Mixtures, Profit and Loss, Percentages, Simple and Compound Interest, Work and time, Discount, Age sums, linear equations, elementary trigonometry Data Interpretation, Analytical Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, brainteasers, patters,


Indian Economics:

Students are introduced to basic economic concepts and key issues pertaining to the Indian economy with a focus on the developments after independence. The concepts and issues covered are:

Understanding the Economy: Scarcity, opportunity cost, resource allocation, economic systems and their characteristics, features of market economies, forces of demand and supply, elasticity of demand and supply.Main Features of Indian Economy: Natural resources; human resources- population size and composition, literacy and education, occupational distributionMajor Economic problems: Poverty, Unemployment and Inequality - concepts, measurement, trends, sectoral distribution and policies, inflation - trends, causes and remedies.Economic Growth and Development: Meaning and measurement of economic growth, stages of development, national income concepts and trends, trends in savings and investment; human development index, national policy on education, health and health care policiesPlanning in India: Five-Year Plans- objectives, priorities and problems Sectoral Development: agriculture - green revolution and technological changes, current issues and policies; industry- evolution of industrial policies in India (from 1948), strategies for industrial development, public and private sectors, small and cottage industries, infrastructure, transport and communication, service sector, consumer awareness Foreign Trade and International Economy: balance of payments, foreign exchange reserves and trade policy, I.M.F., W.T.O., international aid for economic growth

Money, Banking and Public Finance: concepts of money and measures of money supply, role of Reserve bank of India and commercial banks, banking sector reforms; taxes, expenditure and government budget, concepts of deficits, Finance Commissions

Indian Society:Structure of Indian Society -- Indian Social Demography - Social and Cultural Differentiations: caste, class and tribe - Institutions of marriage, family and kinship - Political Institutions. Social Change in India -- Sanskritization, Westernization and Secularization - Social Movements and Regionalism -- Panchayatraj Institutions - Affirmative Action Programme of the Government - Various reservations and Commissions. History and the Making of Indian Society -- Mughal era and the social changes - British Raj - Sepoy Mutiny - Reform Movements in the 19th century - Freedom Movement - Independence and the emergence of India.Indian Philosophy and Indian Thinkers -- Jainism and Mahavira - Budhha and His teachings - Vedanta and Shankara - Sikhism - Sufism - Gandhi and Non-violence.


Contemporary World Affairs (post-World War II):

An important component of the training programme is to give students an awareness of the contemporary world that we live in. Issues relating to history, polity, society and culture since 1945 will be covered in this section.

The aftermath of the Second World War - Emergence of the US and the USSR - the cold war and the nuclear race - disintegration of the Soviet Union and the decline of communism - Arab-Israel conflict - NAM and the role of India - Sino-Indian conflict - Indo-Pak relations and wars

Other conflict zones : Bosnia - Kosovo, Cyprus - East Timor, Eastern and Central Africa, Afganistan - Iraq - Georgia

Democracy and Development-Challenges to democracy- UN and the Permanent Five Nuclearisation and Non- Proliferation - India and SAARC -Rise of International terrorism and fundamentalism - War against terror- Indo- US relations- New centers of power in Asia, Latin America and Africa.Hunger and poverty - Environmental degradation and environmental movements -social movements - Race and ethnicity - Gender discrimination - Deprived classes and minority politics-Communal violence-Religion in the contemporary world-Culture and civilization - Globalization and culture - Mass media and cultural change - Leftist movements.Literature and art - Popular culture and film - Developments in Information Technology - Weather and climate - Natural disasters - social and economic dimensions of AIDS.

Environment and Ecology:
Global Environmental picture: Population Growth, Degradation of Soils, Global Atmospheric Changes, Loss of Biodiversity; what are ecosystems? Structure of ecosystems - biotic structure - categories of organisms, feeding and non feeding relationships;
Ecosystems - How they work - Elements in living and non-living systems; Energy Laws; Nutrient cycling; Pollution: major air pollution and their impact; primary and secondary pollutants; control strategies; indoor pollutants; global warming; International Treaties; Solar and other renewable energy: principles of solar energy, hydropower, wind power, biomass energy, Ocean thermal energy, geothermal energy, and tidal power.
Part I
Indian Polity: An Overview
Presidential Vs. Parliamentary Government
Era of Coalition Politics in India
Article 356 : the President's Rule in the States
The Role of Pressure Groups in Indian Politics
Defection Politics in India
Secularism in India
Communalism in India
Casteism in India
Politics of Minorities in India
Problem of Violence and Terrorism in India
Regionalism in India
Ideology in Social Justice (Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy)
Critical Assessment of the Working of Constitution
Fast Track Courts (FTCS)
Delimitation Commission
Permanent Lok Adalats
Parliamentary Sovereignty Vs Judicial Supremacy
Co- Operative Federalism
Human Rights
Language Politics in India
Problem of regional Imbalance in India
Part II
Indian Constitution: Historical Perspective
The Preamble and the Philosophy of Indian Constitution
Citizenship (Part II)
Fundamental Rights (Part III)
Directive Principles of State Policy (Part IV)
Fundamental Duties (Part IV A)
The Union Executive: President, Vice- President, Prime Minister, the Council of       Ministers and Independent Functionaries (Part V)
The Union Legislature (Parliament)
The State Executive
Integrated Judiciary Judicial Review and Judicial Activism in India
Federalism in India
Elections, Electoral Process and Election Reforms (Part XV)
Special Provisions Relating to Certain Classes (Part XVI, Article 330 - 342)
Emergency Provisions (Part XVIII, Article 352-360)
Democratic Decentralization: Panchayath Raj
India's Foreign Policy
Constitutional Amendments


1) Introduction to PD-(Definition, Types, Need, Change, Conditioning)
2) Attitude (Definition, Types, Need for developing a positive attitude, attitude formation & development, contributions to PD)
3) Self Image (Knowing oneself, connecting with other people, positive & Negative self Image, positive& Negative Self Talk, Developing a positive self image.
4) Goal Setting (Definition, types Goal Setting exercises, SMART goals, Applications &Benefits, Blocks to Goal setting, success through goal achievement)
5) Communication skills (Definition, Scope, Reading, Writing & Speaking skills)
6) Body language (Definition, Scope, developing positive body language)
7) Public speaking (Practice based module)
8) Presentation skills (Types, handling oral presentations, use of AV aids)
9) Business etiquette (skill of handling people, Art of polite conversation, creating impressions, peopleskills, customer service)
10) Stress Management (Definitions, types of stressors, types of stressors, handling stress, techniques of stress management, Dealing with anger)
11) Time Management (using systems to manage time, beginning with Goals & Priorities, Time Management tools Individual Activities)
12) Memory& IQ (Memory basics improving thinking skills, hearing techniques & skills, Improving study skills, Memory Gymnastics) .